What is the scientific name of Lepidodendron?
Lepidodendron is an extinct genus of primitive vascular plants belonging to the family Lepidodendraceae, part of a group of Lycopodiopsida known as scale trees or arborescent lycophytes, related to quillworts and lycopsids (club mosses). They were part of the coal forest flora.
What is the common name of Lepidodendron?
Lepidodendron, also known as “scale tree”, is an extinct prehistoric tree which was one of the most abundant trees of the Carboniferous period. It lived in some of the wettest parts of the prehistoric coal swamps and commonly grew in dense stands.
Is Lepidodendron a lycopod?
Lepidodendron is an extinct lycopod tree that lived in the great coal-age forests before the time of the dinosaurs. The were unlike any tree that lives today, in that they did not have a heavy woody trunk.
What is a lycopod tree?
The name of a common lycopod, Lepidodendron, means "scale tree." Roots of lycopod trees look much alike and are assigned the form genus name, Stigmaria. In Ohio, fossil remains of lycopods are found in rocks that span Late Devonian through Late Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) time.
What are lycophytes used for?
Lycophytes are the oldest extant group of vascular plants, and dominated major habitats for 40 million years. The club mosses (Lycopodiales) are usually evergreen, and have been used as Christmas decorations, though their flammable spores and increasing rarity has made this illegal in some states.
What is lycophytes in plants?
lycophyte, (class Lycopodiopsida), class of spore-bearing vascular plants comprising more than 1,200 extant species. Three lycophyte orders are recognized: the club mosses (Lycopodiales), the quillworts and their allies (Isoetales), and the spike mosses (Selaginellales).
What are the major characteristics of lycophytes?
Characteristics of Lycophytes
Leaves have a single, unbranched vein of vascular tissue. Note: The term microphyll, confusingly, is not an indication of the size of the leaf. Rhizomes. Asexual propogation of the sporophyte through underground stems.May 3, 2022