What are the two types of cytokinin?

What are the two types of cytokinin?

There are two types of cytokinins: adenine-type cytokinins represented by kinetin, zeatin, and 6-benzylaminopurine, and phenylurea-type cytokinins like diphenylurea and thidiazuron (TDZ).May 25, 2022

What is the other name of cytokinins?

This active compound was named as Kinetin because of its ability to promote cell division and was the first cytokinin to be named. Kinetin was later identified to be 6-furfuryl-amino purine. Later on, the generic name kinin was suggested to include kinetin and other substances having similar properties.

What are two uses of cytokinins?

Cytokinins are a group of plant growth regulators which are primarily involved in performing cell division in plant roots, shoot system. This hormone helps in promoting the cell's growth, development, differentiation, affecting apical dominance and delay in leaf senescence.

What is cytokinin used for?

Cytokinins are a group of plant growth regulators which are primarily involved in performing cell division in plant roots, shoot system. This hormone helps in promoting the cell's growth, development, differentiation, affecting apical dominance and delay in leaf senescence.

What are examples of cytokinins?

Kinetin is an artificial, aromatic cytokinin and benzyladenine is an example of a naturally occurring aromatic cytokinin. Thidiazuron is a diphenylurea-type cytokinin.

What plants are high in cytokinins?

The most common form of naturally occurring cytokinin in plants today is called zeatin which was isolated from corn (Zea mays). Cytokinins have been found in almost all higher plants as well as mosses, fungi, bacteria, and also in tRNA of many prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

What plants contain cytokinins?

Cytokinins are present in all plant tissues. They are abundant in the root tip, shoot apex, and immature seeds. Their endogenous concentration is in the low nanomolar range. Typically, several types of cytokinins and their modified forms are present in a given tissue.

Which is a rich source of cytokinin?

Coconut milk is a rich source of cytokinin.

What is the most abundant natural cytokinin?

trans-zeatin is the most abundant cytokinin in Arabidopsis, and the free base as well as the riboside and ribotide forms are shown. Kinetin is an artificial, aromatic cytokinin and benzyladenine is an example of a naturally occurring aromatic cytokinin. Thidiazuron is a diphenylurea-type cytokinin.

Which plant part produces the majority of the cytokinins found in plants?

Cytokinins are produced in the root apical meristems (very tip of the roots) and travel upward hitching a ride with water and traveling up the stem through the xylem. The movement of cytokinins is passive – it does not require energy! Cytokinins are like the fountain of youth in plants.