How does the cinchona tree plant relate to healthcare?
Cinchona is a tree. People use the bark to make medicine. Cinchona is used for increasing appetite; promoting the release of digestive juices; and treating bloating, fullness, and other stomach problems. It is also used for blood vessel disorders including hemorrhoids, varicose veins, and leg cramps.
Which medicine is made from the cinchona tree?
Quinine, a medicine used to treat malaria, is prepared from the bark of the Cinchona tree.
What can be made by Cinchona trees?
The bark contains alkaloids, including quinine and quinidine. Cinchona is the only economically practical source of quinine, a drug that is still recommended for the treatment of falciparum malaria.
Which drug is obtained from Cinchona?
Quinine. The antimalarial agent quinine is derived from the bark of the cinchona tree along with several other alkaloids and salicylate (aspirin).
Which tree is used to make medicine for malaria?
Quinine extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree, was used as an antimalarial agent as early as 1632 (Baird et al., 1996) and by the 19th century, it was still the only known antimalarial agent. Cinchona tree has been cultivated for this purpose all over the world.
What disease does cinchona treat?
Purified quinine then replaced the bark as the standard treatment for malaria . Quinine and other cinchona alkaloids including quinidine, cinchonine and cinchonidine are all effective against malaria.
Which part of the cinchona drug is widely used for therapeutic activity?
The antimalarial properties of quinine, derived from the bark of the cinchona tree, have been known for centuries.
Which part of Cinchona plant is commonly used as a drug for malaria?
Quinine, as a component of the bark of the cinchona (quina-quina) tree, was used to treat malaria from as early as the 1600s, when it was referred to as the "Jesuits' bark," "cardinal's bark," or "sacred bark." These names stem from its use in 1630 by Jesuit missionaries in South America, though a legend suggests ...