Ditto with Supergirl!
Very well answered.
But, what is Indomitablity?
Modern Greece Timeline?
Im doing a project and need to know information about culture in Modern Greece. All the websites show me stuff about wars and Kings, thats fine but I want something basic. Not too much mumbo jumbo. It doesnt have to be a timeline, just some good info. thanks!
- Greece exists since 1835, never before.20
- The Kingdom of Greece was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire). It was internationally recognized by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. This event also marked the birth of the first, fully independent, Greek state since the fall of the Byzantine Empire to the Ottomans in the mid-15th century.
The Kingdom succeeded from the Greek provisional governments after the Greek War of Independence, and lasted until 1924. In 1924 the monarchy was abolished, and the Second Hellenic Republic was established. The restored Kingdom of Greece lasted from 1935 to 1973. The Kingdom was again dissolved in the aftermath of the seven-year military dictatorship, and the Third Republic, the current Greek government, came to be.10
- Modern Greece Timeline00
- Timeline of Modern Greece from Byzantium to Present
--330-1453 A.D. The Byzantine Empire--
1204 Crusaders capture and pillage Constantinople.
1204-1261. Greece carved into feudal states: Latin Kingdom of Thessaloniki. Duchy of Athens (ruled from Thebes), despotate of Morea (Villehardouin).
1261-1453 Constantinople recaptured by Byzantines.
1269 Emperor Michael Palaiologos annexes Mystra.
1453 Constantinople falls to the Ottomans, end of Byzantine Empire
c.1460- c.1821 Most of Greece occupied by Ottoman Turks (dates vary for particular regions)
1500-1669 Cretan literature, art, and scholarship flourish under Venetian rule: the Cretan “Renaissance.”
1669 Ottomans capture Crete. Most Ionian islands remain under Venetian rule.
1700s Rise of Phanariot class (a wealthy, well educated class) in Smyrna. Growing importance of Phanariots as diplomats, entrepreneurs, educators, princely rulers (Moldavian Principalities). Rise of Greek merchant shipping.
1748 Birth, in Smyrna, of Adamantios Korais, an influential Phanariot expatriate: scientist, scholar, translator of classics, educator.
1757 Birth of Rigas Velestinlis (Pheraios) in Thessaly.
1797 Publication of Rigas’ Rights of Man, Thourios (War Hymn), and A New Political Constitution.
1798 Execution of Rigas Pheraios in Austria.
1821-1830 Greek War of Independence.
1830 Establishment of modern Greek nation with Aigina as first capital, followed by Nafplio.
1833 Otto I, prince of Bavaria, becomes first Greek king; royal decree establishes Athens as the capital of the nation.
1834 Ceremonies marking the inauguration of restoration projects on the Acropolis.
1839-1889 Major neoclassical building projects: the Athenian Trilogy (University, Library, Academy), Parliament, Museum among others.
1843 Popular revolt results in establishment of constitutional monarchy.
1864 Eleftherios Venizelos born in Crete.
1867 Performance of Antigone at Roman theatre of Herodes Atticus in honor of the marriage of King George I and Princess Olga.
1876-77 Schliemann discovers Mycenaean tombs.
1881 P. Kavvadias begins excavating the theatre of Epidaurus.
1892 Village of Kastri, on the site of Delphi, moved. French archaeologists begin excavating on the site.
1896 First modern Olympics held in Athens.
1910–1920, 1928-1932 Venizelos Prime Minister of Greece.
1914-1918 WWI. Greece enters war on side of Allies
1919 Greek troops disembark at Smyrna to protect Greek population.
1920 Treaty of Sèvres; substantial territorial gains for Greece.
1921 Major offensive by Greek army in Asia Minor.
1922 “Catastrophe”: defeat and retreat of Greek army; massacre of Christian population.
1923 Convention on exchange of populations: Greece takes in approx. 1,500,000 Greek refugees from Anatolia.
1927, 1930 Festival of Delphi (drama, athletics) instituted by poet Angelos Sikelianos and Eva Palmer. Aeschylus’ Suppliants, Prometheus, staged at theatre of Delphi.
1936-1941 Republic, restoration of monarchy; dictatorship, fascism. Death in exile of Venizelos.
1942-1945 Nazi occupation.
1946-1949 Civil war.
1954 Establishment of annual drama festival at Epidaurus. First performance: Euripides’ Hippolytos.
1963 George Seferis wins Nobel prize for literature.
1967 Military coup followed by seven-year dictatorship.
1974 Invasion of Cyprus by Turkey.
1974 Restoration of democracy in Greece.
1979 Odysseas Elytis wins Nobel prize for literature.
1981 Accession to the EU as 10th member, January 1, 1981.
2001 Greece joins the European Monetary Union.
2001 (4 May) Pope John Paul II visits Athens and makes apologies for the sins of the Crusader attack on Constantinople in 1204
2001 (11 September) 33 Greek Americans lose their lives during the September 11, 2001 attacks. The St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church is completely buried by the collapse of the South Tower
2004 Greece hosts the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.
2006 Athens hosts the Eurovision Song Contest 2006
2010 [European sovereign debt crisis] the country's stability has been interrupted; many demonstrations took place in Athens (May 2010 Greek protests) while many workers went on strike. The country is on the verge of a new wave of emigration, with young college graduates at the forefront
If you need to know one cultural thing of significance about Greece and Greeks.
It is simply this:
Difficulties, struggles and hardship faced by Greeks = n
Endurance, perservances, and ability to overcome = n + 1
Greece and Greeks are a culture of Indomitablity53