The directive defines of the types of animals and procedures covered by the regulations and sets out a minimum set of regulatory controls on animal experimentation which includes the following requirements:
Controls on the care and accommodation of laboratory animals, including detailed guidelines
Avoiding distress and unnecessary pain and suffering to the experimental animals
Not to use animals if alternatives are available
To use anaesthesia wherever possible and appropriate
To give advance notice to the appropriate authority about the experiments or the persons conducting the experiments
That the people conducting the experiments and those caring for the animals have appropriate training
That establishments carrying out experiments and establishments breeding or supplying laboratory animals should be registered or approved by the appropriate authority
That a veterinarian or other competent person shall advise on the well-being of laboratory animals
That the animals used shall be specifically bred for use in experiments, with exceptions for the lesser-used species.
That records should be kept of the animals used and this information should be collected and reported to the european commission at regular intervals
The legal basis for this directive in the Treaty of Rome meant that it could only apply to animal experimentation conducted for commercial purposes and not to academic research. Accordingly, when Directive 86/609 was adopted, a resolution also adopted in which the Member States agreed to apply similar controls to all types of animal experimentation.
Why did the number of animals in European Animal Research increase after Directive 86/609?
Please give me a real source if you can; immediate answers appreciated.
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