Roman Civilization Help : Government?
Below is the recommendation and reference answer for question "Roman Civilization Help : Government?" It was collected and sorted by the editor of this site but not sure the answer is entirely accurate.
Uhh I just took notes for this during class and she collected them xD
Let me see what I can remember :]
1) the base for our own democracy
2) The framework for our constitution.
3) Influenced our architecture in federal buildings, and schools.
4) Influenced us in literature, art, and politics.
5) their philosphical beliefs influenced our philosphical beliefs
Hoped this helped :)
The Legacy of Roman Government
The Roman government was considered "bicameral" because it had two houses. The upper house consisted of the patricians in the senate, while the lower house was composed of plebeian tribunes.
The Constitution of the United States organized the Congress in the same manner. Two senators represent each state. The Senate advises the President and confirms his appointments. Originally, the state governments chose the senators. About one hundred years ago, a group of Americans called "progressives" demanded that the people be allowed to vote directly for their senators. Voters amended the Constitution in 1913 to allow the direct election of senators. The people have always elected members to the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives.
The Roman model of government is used in many nations. Canada's legislative bodies are the Senate and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister, the head of Canada's government, appoints members of the Canadian Senate. Great Britain has a similar bicameral legislature, but the upper house in Britain is called the House of Lords.
Ancient Roman Laws
Since the days of the Law of the Twelve Tables, developed during the early republic, the Roman legal system was characterized by a formalism that lasted for more than 1.000 years.
Early Roman law was drawn from custom and statutes, but later during the times of the empire, the emperors asserted their authority as the ultimate source of law.
Their edicts, judgments, administrative instructions, and responses to petitions were all collected with the comments of legal scholars.
"What pleases the emperor has the force of law." As the law and scholarly commentaries on it expanded, the need grew to codify and to regularize conflicting opinions.
The basis for Roman law was the idea that the exact form, not the intention, of words or of actions produced legal consequences. Romans recognized that there are witnesses to actions and words, but not to intentions. Roman civil law allowed great flexibility in adopting new ideas or extending legal principles in the complex environment of the empire. Without replacing older laws, the Romans developed alternative procedures that allowed greater fairness.
For example, a Roman was entitled by law to make a will as he wished, but, if he did not leave his children at least 25 percent of his property, the magistrate would grant them an action to have the will declared invalid as an "irresponsible testament." Instead of simply changing the law to avoid confusion, the Romans preferred to humanize a rigid system by flexible adaptation.
It was not until much later in the 6th century AD that the emperor Justinian I, who ruled over the Byzantine Empire in the east, began to publish a comprehensive code of laws, collectively known as the Corpus Juris Civilis, but more familiarly as the Justinian Code.
The Ancient Roman law was one of the most original products from the Roman Empire!
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